• 001 - the logo.jpg
  • 002 - Hiroshima sunset.jpg
  • 003 - Auschwitz-Birkenau ramp.jpg
  • 004 - Chernobyl contamination.jpg
  • 005 - Darvaza flaming gas crater.jpg
  • 006 - Berlin Wall madness.jpg
  • 007 - Bulgaria - monument at the bottom of Buzludzhy park hill.jpg
  • 008 - Ijen crater.jpg
  • 009 - Aralsk, Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 010 - Paris catacombs.jpg
  • 011 - Krakatoa.jpg
  • 012 - Ho Chi Minh mausoleum, Hanoi.jpg
  • 013 - Uyuni.jpg
  • 014 - DMZ Vietnam.jpg
  • 015 - Colditz Kopie.jpg
  • 016 - Glasgow Necropolis.jpg
  • 017 - Ani.jpg
  • 018 - Kamikaze.jpg
  • 019 - Arlington.jpg
  • 020 - Karosta prison.jpg
  • 021 - Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 022 - Chacabuco ghost town.jpg
  • 023 - Eagle's Nest, Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden.jpg
  • 024 - Kursk.jpg
  • 025 - Bran castle, Carpathia, Romania.jpg
  • 026 - Bestattungsmuseum Wien.jpg
  • 027 - Pripyat near Chernobyl.jpg
  • 028 - Sedlec ossuary, Czech Republic.jpg
  • 029 - Pyramida Lenin.jpg
  • 030 - Falklands.jpg
  • 031 - Majdanek.jpg
  • 032 - Soufriere volcano, Montserrat.jpg
  • 033 - moai on Easter Island.jpg
  • 034 - Sigoarjo.jpg
  • 035 - Hötensleben.jpg
  • 036 - Natzweiler.jpg
  • 037 - Polygon, Semipalatinsk test site, Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 038 - Srebrenica.jpg
  • 039 - Liepaja, Latvia.jpg
  • 040 - Vemork hydroelectric power plant building, Norway.jpg
  • 041 - Enola Gay.jpg
  • 042 - Pentagon 9-11 memorial.jpg
  • 043 - Robben Island prison, South Africa.jpg
  • 044 - Tollund man.jpg
  • 045 - Marienthal tunnel.jpg
  • 046 - Aso, Japan.jpg
  • 047 - Labrador battery Singapore.jpg
  • 048 - Artyom island, Absheron, Azerbaijan.jpg
  • 049 - Treblinka.jpg
  • 050 - Titan II silo.jpg
  • 051 - dosemetering doll, Chernobyl.jpg
  • 052 - Holocaust memorial, Berlin.jpg
  • 053 - Komodo dragon.jpg
  • 054 - cemeterio general, Santiago de Chile.jpg
  • 055 - Tuol Sleng, Phnom Phen, Cambodia.jpg
  • 056 - West Virginia penitentiary.jpg
  • 057 - ovens, Dachau.jpg
  • 058 - Derry, Northern Ireland.jpg
  • 059 - Bulgaria - Buzludzha - workers of all countries unite.jpg
  • 060 - Sachsenhausen.jpg
  • 061 - Tiraspol dom sovietov.jpg
  • 062 - modern-day Pompeii - Plymouth, Montserrat.jpg
  • 063 - Pico de Fogo.jpg
  • 064 - Trinity Day.jpg
  • 065 - Zwentendorf control room.jpg
  • 066 - Wolfschanze.jpg
  • 067 - Hiroshima by night.jpg
  • 068 - mass games, North Korea.jpg
  • 069 - Harrisburg.jpg
  • 070 - Nuremberg.jpg
  • 071 - Mostar.jpg
  • 072 - Tu-22, Riga aviation museum.jpg
  • 073 - Gallipoli, Lone Pine.jpg
  • 074 - Auschwitz-Birkenau - fence.jpg
  • 075 - Darvaza flaming gas crater.jpg
  • 076 - Atatürk Mausoleum, Ankara.jpg
  • 077 - Banda Aceh boats.jpg
  • 078 - AMARG.jpg
  • 079 - Chacabuco ruins.jpg
  • 080 - Bucharest.jpg
  • 081 - Bernauer Straße.jpg
  • 082 - Death Railway, Thailand.jpg
  • 083 - Mandor killing fields.jpg
  • 084 - Kozloduy.jpg
  • 085 - Jerusalem.jpg
  • 086 - Latin Bridge, Sarajevo.jpg
  • 087 - Panmunjom, DMZ, Korea.jpg
  • 088 - Ijen blue flames.jpg
  • 089 - Derry reconsilliation monument.jpg
  • 090 - Ebensee.jpg
  • 091 - Mödlareuth barbed wire.jpg
  • 092 - skull heaps in Sedlec ossuary, Czech Republic.jpg
  • 093 - Nikel.jpg
  • 094 - Vught.jpg
  • 095 - Tital launch control centre.jpg
  • 096 - Dallas Dealy Plaza and Sixth Floor Museum.jpg
  • 097 - Auschwitz I.jpg
  • 098 - Stalin and Lenion, Tirana, Albania.jpg
  • 099 - Podgorica, Montenegro, small arms and light weapons sculpture.jpg
  • 100 - Peenemünde.jpg
  • 101 - Tarrafal.jpg
  • 102 - Kilmainham prison, Dublin.jpg
  • 103 - North Korea.jpg
  • 104 - Mittelbau-Dora.jpg
  • 105 - Chacabuca big sky.jpg
  • 106 - Stutthof, Poland.jpg
  • 107 - Merapi destruction.jpg
  • 108 - Chueung Ek killing fields, Cambodia.jpg
  • 109 - Marienborn former GDR border.jpg
  • 110 - Mig and star, Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 111 - Japanese cave East Timor.jpg
  • 112 - Hellfire Pass, Thailand.jpg
  • 113 - Kiev.jpg
  • 114 - Grutas Park, Lithuania.jpg
  • 115 - Zwentendorf reactor core.jpg
  • 116 - two occupations, Tallinn.jpg
  • 117 - Trunyan burial site.jpg
  • 118 - Ushuaia prison.jpg
  • 119 - Buchenwald.jpg
  • 120 - Marienthal with ghost.jpg
  • 121 - Murmansk harbour - with an aircraft carrier.jpg
  • 122 - Berlin Olympiastadion.JPG
  • 123 - Bastille Day, Paris.jpg
  • 124 - Spassk.jpg
  • 125 - Theresienstadt.jpg
  • 126 - B-52s.jpg
  • 127 - Bledug Kuwu.jpg
  • 128 - Friedhof der Namenlosen, Vienna.jpg
  • 129 - Auschwitz-Birkenau barracks.jpg
  • 130 - mummies, Bolivia.jpg
  • 131 - Barringer meteor crater.jpg
  • 132 - Murambi, Rwanda.jpg
  • 133 - NTS.jpg
  • 134 - Mauthausen Soviet monument.jpg
  • 135 - pullution, Kazakhstan.JPG
  • 136 - palm oil madness.jpg
  • 137 - Berlin socialist realism.jpg
  • 138 - Indonesia wildfire.jpg
  • 139 - Pawiak, Warsaw.jpg
  • 140 - flying death, military museum Dresden.JPG
  • 141 - KGB gear.JPG
  • 142 - KZ jacket.JPG
  • 143 - ex-USSR.JPG
  • 144 - Indonesia fruit bats.JPG
  • 145 - Alcatraz.JPG
  • 146 - Chernobyl Museum, Kiev, Ukraine.JPG
  • 147 - Halemaumau lava lake glow, Hawaii.JPG
  • 148 - Rosinenbomber at Tempelhof, Berlin.jpg
  • 149 - Verdun, France.JPG
  • 150 - hospital, Vukovar, Croatia.JPG
  • 151 - the original tomb of Napoleon, St Helena.JPG
  • 152 - Buchenwald, Germany.JPG
  • 153 - Bhopal.JPG
  • 154 - Groß-Rosen, Poland.jpg
  • 155 - at Monino, Russia.jpg
  • 156 - blinking Komodo.jpg
  • 157 - inside Chernobyl NPP.JPG
  • 158 - Mount St Helens, USA.JPG
  • 159 - Maly Trostenec, Minsk, Belarus.jpg
  • 160 - Vucedol skulls, Croatia.JPG
  • 161 - colourful WW1 shells.JPG
  • 162 - Zeljava airbase in Croatia.JPG
  • 163 - rusting wrecks, Chernobyl.JPG
  • 164 - San Bernadine alle Ossa, Milan, Italy.jpg
  • 165 - USS Arizona Memorial, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.JPG
  • 166 - Brest Fortress, Belarus.JPG
  • 167 - thousands of bats, Dom Rep.JPG
  • 168 - Hohenschönhausen, Berlin.JPG
  • 169 - Perm-36 gulag site.JPG
  • 170 - Jasenovac, Croatia.JPG
  • 171 - Beelitz Heilstätten.JPG
  • 172 - Kremlin, Moscow.jpg
  • 173 - old arms factory, Dubnica.JPG
  • 174 - Pervomaisc ICBM base, more  missiles, including an SS-18 Satan.jpg
  • 175 - Cellular Jail, Port Blair.jpg
  • 176 - Bunker Valentin, Germany.JPG
  • 177 - control room, Chernobyl NPP.JPG
  • 178 - Lest we Forget, Ypres.JPG
  • 179 - the logo again.jpg

Internationals in Ebro exhibition

   
   - darkometer rating: 5 -
    
As the name implies this is a topical exhibition that concentrates on the involvement of foreign nationals in the Spanish Civil War and the Battle of the Ebro. It is located in the pretty little town of La Fatarella in the Terra Alta region of Catalonia, Spain.   
More background info: See under Ebro and Spanish Civil War in general.
  
This is another one of the 'interpretation centres' under the aegis of the Consorci Memorial dels Espais de la Batalla de l'Ebre (COMEBE), who also run the 115 Days exhibition and the interpretation centre in Batea about the Blood Hospitals.
  
   
What there is to see: The design of this exhibition is similar to COMEBE's main one, the 115 Days interpretation centre in Corbera d'Ebre, i.e. rather dark with very targeted lighting and a few audiovisual elements. Another similarity is that here too you can borrow a booklet with English translations of the various text panels in the exhibition, as these are in Catalan and Spanish only throughout. But for the audiovisual material you're left without any English subtitles or translations.
  
Topically the focus here is on the people, namely the various foreign nationals involved in the Spanish Civil War in general and the Battle of the Ebro in particular – and that on both sides. In the exhibition these two sides face each other on opposite walls – quite literally: you have photos of members of the International Brigades on the Republican side on the left (of course) of the main exhibition room, and the Nationalists' German Nazi and Italian Fascist allies on the right (naturally).
  
The exhibition is thematically subdivided into three sections: Quick Internationalization of the conflict in Spain, the Dimensions of International Participation, and the Munich Agreement and the End of the War.
  
The main thing here, however, is individual stories. You are introduced to a large number of characters, including some well-known figures, such as George Orwell or Ernest Hemingway, as well as other less well-known ones, such as the African-American Luchell McDaniels of the Lincoln Battalion, who was given the nickname “El Fantástico”, apparently for his skill at throwing hand grenades.
  
Also new to me was the involvement of a certain Harold Adrian Russell “Kim” Philby, the (in)famous double agent who as a member of the British intelligence service spied for the USSR, where he then defected to after being uncovered in 1963. As a young man he went to Spain in 1937 to work as a correspondent for “The Times” reporting on the Spanish Civil War from the Francoist side (while also already working in intelligence for multiple sides) – see also Spy Museum Berlin.
  
I also found it interesting to see just how many nationalities were involved. I had known about Americans, Britons, Italians and other Europeans, but didn't know there were also Internationals from as far away as South-East Asia.
  
The variety of nationalities was less diverse on the Nationalist side, where it was mainly Nazi Germany and Fascist Italy that provided the most significant support for Franco, primarily through military technology (especially the air force, including the infamous German Condor Legion – see Guernica!), but also personnel. On display are some photos of almost too clichéd German Nazi faces from those military contingents, but also images of the big players, Hitler, Mussolini as well as Portugal's dictator Salazar.
  
The final section of the exhibition features the flags of all the main nations involved and is about how the Munich agreement between Germany and Britain (in the false hope it would appease Hitler) influenced the outcome and end of the Spanish Civil War, and how in central Europe it quickly led to WWII.
  
All in all, I found this one of the most engaging of the several exhibitions I visited during my tour of the Ebro. Its breadth of coverage is less than the equally good 115 Days exhibition, but the focus on people rather than military minutia was more to my liking – and also very illuminating and educational. Highly recommended.
  
  
Location: on the western side of the Old Town of La Fatarella, Catalonia, Spain, on the corner of Carrer del Centre and Carrer Sunyer at No. 3 on the latter.
  
Google Maps locator: [41.1623, 0.4722]
  
  
Access and costs: quite restricted opening times, but inexpensive.
  
Details: Easy enough to locate, as it's on the main street that winds around the western and northern sides of the Old Town with its narrow cobbled alleyways (don't get lost there!). But the opening times are quite limited, so you have to plan ahead:
  
Opening times: Normally only every other week and only over the weekends, beginning Fridays 4 p.m. to 8 p.m., Saturday also from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m., Sundays only from 11 a.m. to 2 p.m.
  
At Easter and on Labour Day (1 May) as well as a few other special days there are somewhat longer opening times. Best check ahead for the schedule on the batallaebre website.
  
Admission: 2 EUR.
  
  
Time required: Between half an hour and perhaps a full hour – depending on whether you can read Catalan/Spanish or are willing to use the English brochure to the full.
  
  
Combinations with other dark destinations: Just a few steps up the road is the Lo Riu exhibition, which is a far more battlefield-archaeology-oriented outfit and unlike the Internationals exhibition doesn't cater well for foreign visitors . But if you are with a guide such as the one I used when I visited the region (see under Ebro >access details), then a visit to both these places does make sense, given the geographical proximity.
  
For yet more see under Ebro and also under Spain in general.
  
  
Combinations with non-dark destinations: See under La Fatarella and Ebro in general.  
  
  
 
  • Internationals 1 - entranceInternationals 1 - entrance
  • Internationals 2 - very compicated opening-times scheduleInternationals 2 - very compicated opening-times schedule
  • Internationals 3 - into the exhibitionInternationals 3 - into the exhibition
  • Internationals 4 - concrete commodificationInternationals 4 - concrete commodification
  • Internationals 5 - some prominent onesInternationals 5 - some prominent ones
  • Internationals 6 - on the other sideInternationals 6 - on the other side
  • Internationals 7 - battle detailsInternationals 7 - battle details
  • Internationals 8 - screenInternationals 8 - screen
  • internationals 9 - flags of key playersinternationals 9 - flags of key players
  
  
  
  
  
  
  
 

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