A small but quite fascinating local/regional museum in the small northern Ukrainian
town of Slavutych
– the place that was built to replace Pripyat
as the home of the Chernobyl NPP
staff after the 1986 Chernobyl
disaster. Naturally, the museum focuses on Chernobyl, the disaster and the aftermath but also on the construction of the town of Slavutych itself.
>More background info
>What there is to see
>Access and costs
>Combinations with other dark destinations
>Combinations with non-dark destinations
When this museum came into being I cannot say exactly, but it is obvious that it must date back to Soviet
times, given the stained-glass windows with Soviet symbolism upstairs and all that. How much it may have changed since the independence of Ukraine
is also difficult to say. My guess is not very much.
So it's also a bit of back-to-the-USSR
“time travel” that's involved here. That also applies to the fact that foreign visitors touring this museum with a guide are accompanied not only by the local guide, but no: at least two other museum employees (presumably) followed our little entourage around all the way, semi-hiding in corners or behind columns, but ever present. Ah, the nostalgia!
What there is to see:
This is a museum that is lovably old-school in many ways. But it has many fascinating displays for those interested in the topic of Chernobyl
. It is, however, very, very different from the larger but in parts overly dramatized (and occasionally a bit garish and kitschy) National Chernobyl Museum
. This is a much more sober and down-to-earth affair.
When I visited the museum it was with a Chernobyl
guide from Kiev
who had organized this for me as part of the multi-day package. When we got to the museum, a local guide was called into action, a somewhat nervous woman, who clearly wasn't all that sure about foreign visitors coming here but did her best to accommodate us. As she didn't speak any (or at least not enough) English, my Chernobyl guide acted as interpreter. This went very well, but it was a rather formal affair that way.
Thematically, the museum starts off with the construction of the first block of the Chernobyl NPP
, Block 1, which went online in 1977. One display featured a huge symbolic key, some diplomas, plaques and photos of smiling people in a happy newly built Pripyat
. Also featured in the section about Pripyat were several household items that exuded a distinct Soviet
-retro aura – from an old radio, turntable, decorative clock and – obviously – a silver samovar.
It then got a bit more technical, as the inner workings of Chernobyl's RBMK-1000 reactor
s were explained (see under Chernobyl NPP
). There's also a nice scale model of the whole NPP complex – already with the old sarcophagus over Block 4 – so as it looked from late 1986.
A main section is obviously about that fateful day of 26 April 1986 when Block 4 blew up, and even more about the massive clean-up operation afterwards. The sombre atmosphere here, I thought, is somewhat undermined by the mannequins in protective suits, some of whom even have lipstick on!
Beneath a wall with photos, documents and a few artefacts relating to the aftermath of the disaster is also another model of the destroyed reactor core. This one a larger scale and apparently dismantle-able to let you see the inside of the sarcophagus. But I only caught a glimpse of the reactor core lid through a hole in the roof, the guide did not demonstrate the workings of this model.
Instead we were led into the central shrine
– a chapel-like space dedicated to those who died in the immediate aftermath of the disaster and the initial response to it. Some 30 portraits each with names and a short explanation of their role in the disaster flank a central image of candles burning into a single flame behind four bells hanging from the ceiling. (cf. the Chernobyl monument in Slavutych
that has the same portrait photos).
At the end of the exhibition is a section about the May Day celebrations
in 1986 – held despite the disaster and before the inhabitants were even informed of it – as well as the trials
against those found responsible for the disaster. By the exit is a whiteboard where visitors can leave a remark (instead of in a guest book), and I dutifully added something about how Slavutych
is such a nice replacement for Pripyat
We then headed upstairs where there is a separate exhibition about Slavutych
and how it was constructed. The central exhibit here is a large architect's model of the whole town, with white houses, including even a tall one in the centre that was never actually built. The rest of this section explains how construction workers and materials were brought in from eight different Soviet republics (see under Slavutych
) and their flags are proudly displayed on the one wall (accompanied by smaller flags of the independent states that all these republics became after the collapse of the USSR
The windows are true Soviet
relics – with stained-glass renditions of the various republics' coats of arms. Other Soviet memorabilia are the big red velvet flags/banners, one with the image of Lenin
on it. Outside this museum, so it was pointed out, the display of such items would now be illegal (due to a new law introduced in Ukraine
a few months earlier).
The museum would have had even more sections
, but these we bypassed and they were left in the dark – lights are only switched on for visitors entering rooms and switched off again as soon as they leave (a custom I also remember from other Soviet museums … and from North Korea
!). I couldn't really make out what these other sections would have been about, but I think I spotted some taxidermy in the back, so I presume they would have covered topics such as the local flora & fauna and such typical regional museum stuff.
All in all
I found this museum a worthwhile add-on to my trip to Chernobyl
. It may be a bit “retro” in its design, and the guided tour was a little stiff, but there were still a lot of interesting details in addition to what I already knew about the story of Chernobyl and the disaster.
right in the heart of Slavutych
, to the east of the middle of the central square, at 7 Prospekt Druzhby Narodiv.
Access and costs: easy enough when part of a larger guided tour, but unclear how easy it would be independently (or how much it might cost).
The museum is easy enough to get to when staying in Slavutych
, it's just a short walk north from the hotel on the edge of the central square. When I visited the museum it was as part of a larger Chernobyl
tour package, and my guide both drove me there and accompanied me on the guided tour he'd arranged with a local museum guide. As she only spoke Ukrainian, my Chernobyl guide (very capably) doubled up as an interpreter. What the experience would be like if you turned up there independently I really cannot say. I could well imagine that it could cause a bit of a confused scene – unless you speak Ukrainian well enough to pass as a compatriot.
Opening times: weekdays only, from at least 10 a.m. to at least 4 p.m., but I've also found longer times online (e.g. 9-18h). But it's all irrelevant if your guide has organized the visit with a guided tour anyway.
: I have no idea, to be honest. When I went it was included in the overall tour price anyway, and I guess that if you can/want to visit it independently it can't cost all that much in a place as off the beaten track as Slavutych
Time required: our tour took a good hour – but if you went independently and can read Russian/Ukrainian then you could possibly spend longer in here.
Combinations with other dark destinations:
Combinations with non-dark destinations:
- Slavutych museum 01 - celebrating Chernobyl NPP and Pripyat
- Slavutych museum 02 - symbolic key to block 1
- Slavutych museum 03 - retro objects
- Slavutych museum 04 - how the RBMK-1000 reactors at Chernobyl NPP worked
- Slavutych museum 05 - fuel rod
- Slavutych museum 06 - model of Chernobyl NPP
- Slavutych museum 07 - block 4 with old sarcophagus
- Slavutych museum 08 - that fateful day
- Slavutych museum 09 - disaster
- Slavutych museum 10 - liquidator and clean-up worker dummies
- Slavutych museum 11 - model of the stricken reactor block
- Slavutych museum 12 - memorial room for the immediate early casualties of the disaster
- Slavutych museum 13 - oil painting of Chernobyl NPP
- Slavutych museum 14 - model of Slavutych upstairs
- Slavutych museum 15 - Soviet-era stained-glass window
- Slavutych museum 16 - quickly built
- Slavutych museum 17 - with help from eight Soviet republics
- Slavutych museum 18 - that tall one was never built, though
- Slavutych museum 19 - Soviet-era medal and patch
- Slavutych museum 20 - they even still have a Lenin flag