- darkometer rating: 2 -
Capital city of Japan
and the largest conurbation in the world. Tokyo, even more so than New York
, stands almost metonymically for the very concept of a modern hyper-metropolis. And the cliché is justified. Those who don't like big cities will
find Tokyo taxing. On the other hand, though, Tokyo also offers more quiet corners and hidden-away serenity than the uninitiated may expect. It's also a lot safer than most other megacities in the rest of the world.
For the dark tourist it is not only the most likely entry point into the country, and thus a necessary stopover anyway, it also offers a couple of dark sights of its own that are well worth checking out, though neither may necessarily appeal to everybody.
>What there is to see
>Access and costs
>Combinations with other dark destinations
>Combinations with non-dark destinations
What there is to see: There may not be much that is of particular interest to dark tourists, but the two main dark attractions are pretty much unique in their own, very different, ways:
- Yasukuni shrine & Yushukan museum
– the controversial site of worship and paying respect to Japan's (dead) military "heroes", with a museum that is no less controversial in the way it portrays Japan's involvement in WWII
Other than that, there's little of specific interest for the dark tourist, though those more into WWII
history (see overlaps
, "25 Best WWII sites in the Pacific"
) may want to take a look at the sites associated with General MacArthur, the US general who was more or less in charge of the country in the wake of Japan's unconditional surrender to the USA
following the A-bombings of Hiroshima
McArthur's former residence in Tokyo is behind the current US embassy, now serving as the ambassador's residence, i.e. you can't go inside. The Dai-Ichi insurance company building is where MacArthur had his HQ, i.e. his office. The room, complete with all original furniture, has been preserved as it was back then and used to be open to the public. In recent years (following 9/11
), however, it has only been opened on special occasions. But that may change again at some point. The building is located on Hibiya-dori by the moat of the Imperial Palace in central Tokyo.
Right opposite the Dai-Ichi building is the sprawling complex of the Imperial Palace, which was the "official" power centre during Japan
's years of military might up to WWII
. Still being the residence of the Japanese "emperor" (now only a ceremonial role), the palace is normally inaccessible to the general public, except for two special days in the year. The rest of the year you can only walk around the complex admiring its ramparts and moat and whatever bits of architecture you can spot poking out from within the closed-off quarters. The Imperial Palace is one of Tokyo's main sights and impossible to miss, just head west from the central station and you'll get straight to the main gate (cf. also Yasukuni
Those interested in naval war tourism may also want to see Tokyo's maritime museum in the Odaiba entertainment district on an artificial island on the other side of the Sumida River. It's reachable by monorail from Shimbashi station. You can't miss the ship-shaped museum building!
The city (and the whole area) has always been prone to earthquakes, and there have been some major ones over the years. The worst so far happened in 1923. It killed over 100,000 people and flattened large parts of the city … though of course there's nothing indicating this today. Slight tremors are commonplace almost daily. But the great fear is the Big One that is allegedly even overdue, going by historical statistics and seismic research. It could potentially turn out to be one of the biggest natural disasters ever, especially given the size of Tokyo's population today … You would have to be very unlucky indeed to happen to be there as a foreign tourist at that wrong a time, but still, there is a certain unnerving thrill of knowing that it could happen at any moment.
Wandering the side streets you may even come across "evacuation areas", open fields in between the built-up maze of the city, which serve as safe havens where people could take refuge from falling debris should a big earthquake hit. And coming across such a place (though usually it will be quiet and deserted) does indeed bring it home to the visiting tourist how precarious life ultimately is in this place.
By the way: the massive earthquake that hit northern Honshu in March 2011, brought especially horrific destruction through the subsequent tsunami, and also shook Tokyo was not yet the Big One that the city was bracing itself for … worse is still to come …
almost right in the middle of the country, around Tokyo Bay, about halfway along the eastern coastline of Japan
's largest main island Honshu.
Access and costs: easy enough to get to by plane, a bit more demanding on the ground; generally quite expensive, but not necessarily to the excess one might expect.
Tokyo is easily reached by plane, from a plethora of departure points around the globe, and with a multitude of carriers. Most international flights use the newer Narita airport some 40 miles (60 km) away from the centre. Fortunately, it's connected to the city centre by the excellent (luxurious even) Narita Express (N'EX) train service. JP rail passes are valid on these trains – but you have to reserve a seat before boarding. You can do that easily at the train office at Narita airport, which you most probably will have to go to anyway to have your JP pass validated (see under Japan
). Otherwise buy a single ticket. It's still cheaper and a lot more convenient than a taxi.
There's also Haneda airport, which is significantly closer to central Tokyo, having been built on an artificial island right in Tokyo Bay halfway between Tokyo central and Yokohama. This airport mostly handles domestic flights, but this includes vital services (with ANA) to Okinawa
! Haneda airport is connected to Tokyo's regular public transport system by means of its own monorail. So it's even easier to use.
Once you’re in the city, getting around in this vast, crowded and busy metropolis is a bit trickier. But it is still fairly manageable even without any knowledge of Japanese. Especially the metro/local train networks are quite easy to use. At first the network maps may look extremely daunting, but the ticketing system couldn't be easier. You don't actually have to work out the fare yourself, simply get the cheapest ticket and then on exiting feed the ticket into one of the 'fare adjustment machines' and pay whatever may come on top. Piece of cake.
The city's size and excessive crowdedness can make the experience a little stressful, but if you're psyched up for it it's quite doable. Just allow more time for travelling, or simply for getting your bearings, than you would (have to) in most other places. One crucial word of advice, though: do avoid rush hour! Being squashed in the middle of a sea of millions of commuters is more than most travellers' nerves could handle. Travel off-peak, though, and it's a breeze.
Using public transport is the easier part of navigating in Tokyo, actually finding an address is much trickier! The city has a quite bizarre, totally impractical system of house addresses: houses are not numbered by location on a street (only bigger streets have names anyway). Instead they're numbered according to when they were built, making addresses appear totally random. Even the Japanese struggle with this and every so often you can see just as puzzled looking locals, map in one hand, mobile phone in the other, asking for directions … And the main job that police officers have in this low-crime metropolis is not so much enforcing law and order, but providing assistance to people who're lost and need directions!
The dark tourism sites listed above, however, are quite easy to find, so you won't need to ask for directions if you follow the instructions given in the relevant chapters. And if you do look a bit lost, chances are that some friendly Japanese person, eager to practise some English, will come to your rescue without you even having to ask. This happened to me on several occasions in Tokyo. (Elsewhere in Japan
it's a very different story and the language barrier is much tougher to overcome there …).
Accommodation options in Tokyo are naturally plentiful. The top-end international chain hotels can be shockingly pricey, but you can also find some pretty good bargains if you search thoroughly and shop around. In fact, one of the most affordable hotels I stayed in when I went to Japan during Easter 2009 was – to my own surprise – one I found in Tokyo (called Asia Centre near Aoyama station). And the room wasn't even as tiny as others I had.
A peculiar type of accommodation are the so-called "love hotels", mostly found in Shibuya. These are not quite as dodgy establishments as it may sound. Primarily they are for both still "courting" as well as already married couples who simply need a bit of space (in space-deprived Tokyo) and maybe also a bit of inspiration for a few intimate hours. Hence some of the rooms offer more than just basic facilities and can be flamboyantly (and thematically) decorated. But they are open for everyone, in theory. The accommodation on offer comes in two types: "stay" and "rest". The latter is what you think it is, usually a couple of hours, usually during the day. But you can also actually stay overnight (quite innocently) – and it can be a bargain for those travelling on a shoestring … the downside is: you can't book ahead and rooms for overnighting are only available from ca. 7 p.m. or so.
Food & drink
in Tokyo are an experience in itself. For real foodies there can hardly be a more exiting place, and this applies both to the top-end establishments (Tokyo has more "star"-adorned restaurants than anywhere else) as well as to cheap-and-cheerful eateries at the other end of the spectrum. The familiar sushi-sashimi options popular in the West are plentiful in Tokyo too, only generally much better in quality, but the real excitement starts beyond those familiar concepts. See also under Japan in general for more tips …
Time required: For just the two main dark sites listed here, a single day may just about be sufficient, two would be better (and less stressy). But of course this huge and intriguingly complex city deserves more time in its own right.
Combinations with other dark destinations:
Tokyo will also be the most likely entry point for visitors from abroad – and from here regular and easy train links provide access to Hiroshima
in western Honshu. It's one of the top three destinations (see top 20
) for dark tourism worldwide. A true dark tourist should combine Hiroshima with a visit to Nagasaki
too, the only other such destination of this kind, and in some ways the even more tragic one. It's also one of the most rewarding cities to visit in Japan
overall. Furthermore it's the departure point to boat trips to Hashima island
and can also serve as a gateway to further explorations of Kyushu island (see Aso
There are regular domestic flights from Tokyo's Haneda airport to Naha/Okinawa
too, site of the deadliest battle of the Pacific War and home to some related, particularly dark sites.
Combinations with non-dark destinations: All darkness apart, Tokyo is such a cool place to visit in its own right, with so many outstanding attractions you just don't know where to begin. It's absolutely impossible to even attempt any kind of representative overview here, so only a few randomly selected recommendations:
As much of Tokyo was bombed flat in WWII
there's little in the way of ancient/traditional architecture (same as in many places in Germany
) – but that's more than made up for by modern architecture, of which Tokyo has more than its fair share. Fans of outrageously modern structures will have a field day (or two or three) in Tokyo. The bizarre Fuji TV building in Odaiba is just one example, The Super Dry Hall of the Asahi brewing complex in Asakusa is another, as is the downtown Tokyo International Forum. But there are countless discoveries to be made on a smaller scale all over the city.
Those in search of a glimpse of Japan
's exuberant youth culture should head for the Harajuku district – especially on a Sunday when the city's Gothic Lolita lot are out parading. If you go on a different day of the week, at least the shops in the nearby streets can give you an indication of the weirdness levels fashion can aspire to in Tokyo.
Speaking of shopping and weirdness, both are generally well catered for in Tokyo. With regard to nightlife Roppongi is the main district to head for. One of Tokyo's shopping Meccas is the Shibuya district. One little detail worth looking out for here (apart from the adverts for the "love hotels" – see above
) is the little dog statue on a small square outside Shibuya station: this commemorates a most loyal canine companion who for over 10 years after his master's death still continued to wait here by the station. Just beyond, Shibuya crossing is the prototype of a busy Tokyo intersection – and because you will have seen images of this on television screens and in newspapers so many times before beholding it for real can feel almost deja-vu-like,
If you need a break from all the weirdness and noise, the parks, such as those around the Imperial Palace, can offer some peace and quiet. But even just wandering off into a side street can provide a sudden unexpected oasis of calm. Here you can quickly find that Tokyo is not just all about hypermodern buzz. Both sides of Tokyo seamlessly merge when it's the cherry blossom season – then Tokyoites flock to the parks in droves to take photos or simply picnic between the cherry blossom trees. They are really quite beautiful, though, it has to be admitted.
- Tokyo 1 - Shibuya crossing
- Tokyo 2 - Budokan
- Tokyo 3 - cherry blossom season
- Tokyo 4 - who let the dog loose
- Tokyo 5 - cemetery
- Tokyo 6 - earthquake evacuation zone
- Tokyo 7 - harbour and skyline
- Tokyo 8 - complicated-looking metro but quite easy to use
- Tokyo 9 - Roppongi and Tokyo Tower by night