Croatia

  
Bosnia and HerzegovinaA Balkan country that was one of the new states to emerge from the break-up of former Yugoslavia. Croatia was one of the first two countries (together with Slovenia) to break away and in the process it got entangled in parts of the wars that shattered the region during the 1990s – although it didn't fare as badly as especially Bosnia-Herzegovina.
 
One particularly dark event from the early phases of the war in Croatia, namely the Vukovar massacre is commemorated in the relatively new Ovcara Memorial Center.
 
For the dark tourist, however, it's less the legacy of that most recent dark period that makes Croatia a worthwhile travel destination (for war-related sights see Bosnia), but even more so it's rather sites pertaining to previous dark chapters, namely the communist era under Yugoslav unifier Tito, and before that WWII, in which Croatia became a puppet state allied with the "Axis", i.e. Nazi Germany and Italy, until Tito's partisan army seized power and founded independent Yugoslavia.
 
During its Nazi era, Croatia took part in the Holocaust, in which as many as 80% of the Jews within its region's borders were killed/deported, but also committed a genocide against the Serbian section of the population. Of that dark period the name of the concentration camp Jesenovac stands out most, but Italy also ran a smaller-scale concentration camp on a now Croatian island of Rab.
 
The subsequent communist-era persecutions are mostly associated with the name of the prison island Goli Otok, next to Rab.
    
  
  
  
  
  
 

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