• 001 - the logo.jpg
  • 002 - Hiroshima sunset.jpg
  • 003 - Auschwitz-Birkenau ramp.jpg
  • 004 - Chernobyl contamination.jpg
  • 005 - Darvaza flaming gas crater.jpg
  • 006 - Berlin Wall madness.jpg
  • 007 - Bulgaria - monument at the bottom of Buzludzhy park hill.jpg
  • 008 - Ijen crater.jpg
  • 009 - Aralsk, Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 010 - Paris catacombs.jpg
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  • 015 - Colditz Kopie.jpg
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  • 020 - Karosta prison.jpg
  • 021 - Kamikaze.jpg
  • 022 - Chacabuco ghost town.jpg
  • 023 - Eagle's Nest, Obersalzberg, Berchtesgaden.jpg
  • 024 - Kursk.jpg
  • 025 - Bran castle, Carpathia, Romania.jpg
  • 026 - Bestattungsmuseum Wien.jpg
  • 027 - Pripyat near Chernobyl.jpg
  • 028 - Sedlec ossuary, Czech Republic.jpg
  • 029 - Pyramida Lenin.jpg
  • 030 - Falklands.jpg
  • 031 - Majdanek.jpg
  • 032 - Soufriere volcano, Montserrat.jpg
  • 033 - moai on Easter Island.jpg
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  • 037 - Polygon, Semipalatinsk test site, Kazakhstan.jpg
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  • 040 - Vemork hydroelectric power plant building, Norway.jpg
  • 041 - Enola Gay.jpg
  • 042 - Pentagon 9-11 memorial.jpg
  • 043 - Robben Island prison, South Africa.jpg
  • 044 - Tollund man.jpg
  • 045 - Marienthal tunnel.jpg
  • 046 - Aso, Japan.jpg
  • 047 - Labrador battery Singapore.jpg
  • 048 - Artyom island, Absheron, Azerbaijan.jpg
  • 049 - Treblinka.jpg
  • 050 - Titan II silo.jpg
  • 051 - dosemetering doll, Chernobyl.jpg
  • 052 - Holocaust memorial, Berlin.jpg
  • 053 - Komodo dragon.jpg
  • 054 - cemeterio general, Santiago de Chile.jpg
  • 055 - Tuol Sleng, Phnom Phen, Cambodia.jpg
  • 056 - West Virginia penitentiary.jpg
  • 057 - ovens, Dachau.jpg
  • 058 - Derry, Northern Ireland.jpg
  • 059 - Bulgaria - Buzludzha - workers of all countries unite.jpg
  • 060 - Sachsenhausen.jpg
  • 061 - Tiraspol dom sovietov.jpg
  • 062 - modern-day Pompeii - Plymouth, Montserrat.jpg
  • 063 - Pico de Fogo.jpg
  • 064 - Trinity Day.jpg
  • 065 - Zwentendorf control room.jpg
  • 066 - Wolfschanze.jpg
  • 067 - Hiroshima by night.jpg
  • 068 - mass games, North Korea.jpg
  • 069 - Harrisburg.jpg
  • 070 - Nuremberg.jpg
  • 071 - Mostar.jpg
  • 072 - Tu-22, Riga aviation museum.jpg
  • 073 - Gallipoli, Lone Pine.jpg
  • 074 - Auschwitz-Birkenau - fence.jpg
  • 075 - Darvaza flaming gas crater.jpg
  • 076 - Atatürk Mausoleum, Ankara.jpg
  • 077 - Banda Aceh boats.jpg
  • 078 - AMARG.jpg
  • 079 - Chacabuco ruins.jpg
  • 080 - Bucharest.jpg
  • 081 - Bernauer Straße.jpg
  • 082 - Death Railway, Thailand.jpg
  • 083 - Mandor killing fields.jpg
  • 084 - Kozloduy.jpg
  • 085 - Jerusalem.jpg
  • 086 - Latin Bridge, Sarajevo.jpg
  • 087 - Panmunjom, DMZ, Korea.jpg
  • 088 - Ijen blue flames.jpg
  • 089 - Derry reconsilliation monument.jpg
  • 090 - Ebensee.jpg
  • 091 - Mödlareuth barbed wire.jpg
  • 092 - skull heaps in Sedlec ossuary, Czech Republic.jpg
  • 093 - Nikel.jpg
  • 094 - Fukushima-Daiichi NPP.jpg
  • 095 - Tital launch control centre.jpg
  • 096 - Dallas Dealy Plaza and Sixth Floor Museum.jpg
  • 097 - Auschwitz I.jpg
  • 098 - Stalin and Lenin, Tirana, Albania.jpg
  • 099 - Malta, Fort St Elmo.jpg
  • 100 - Peenemünde.jpg
  • 101 - Tarrafal.jpg
  • 102 - Kilmainham prison, Dublin.jpg
  • 103 - North Korea.jpg
  • 104 - Mittelbau-Dora.jpg
  • 105 - St Helena.jpg
  • 106 - Stutthof, Poland.jpg
  • 107 - Merapi destruction.jpg
  • 108 - Chueung Ek killing fields, Cambodia.jpg
  • 109 - Marienborn former GDR border.jpg
  • 110 - Mig and star, Kazakhstan.jpg
  • 111 - Nagasaki WWII tunnels.jpg
  • 112 - Hellfire Pass, Thailand.jpg
  • 113 - Kiev.jpg
  • 114 - Grutas Park, Lithuania.jpg
  • 115 - Zwentendorf reactor core.jpg
  • 116 - two occupations, Tallinn.jpg
  • 117 - Trunyan burial site.jpg
  • 118 - Ushuaia prison.jpg
  • 119 - Buchenwald.jpg
  • 120 - Marienthal with ghost.jpg
  • 121 - Murmansk harbour - with an aircraft carrier.jpg
  • 122 - Berlin Olympiastadion.JPG
  • 123 - Bastille Day, Paris.jpg
  • 124 - Spassk.jpg
  • 125 - Theresienstadt.jpg
  • 126 - B-52s.jpg
  • 127 - Bledug Kuwu.jpg
  • 128 - Friedhof der Namenlosen, Vienna.jpg
  • 129 - Auschwitz-Birkenau barracks.jpg
  • 130 - mummies, Bolivia.jpg
  • 131 - Barringer meteor crater.jpg
  • 132 - Murambi, Rwanda.jpg
  • 133 - NTS.jpg
  • 134 - Mauthausen Soviet monument.jpg
  • 135 - pullution, Kazakhstan.JPG
  • 136 - palm oil madness.jpg
  • 137 - Berlin socialist realism.jpg
  • 138 - Okawa school building ruin.jpg
  • 139 - Pawiak, Warsaw.jpg
  • 140 - flying death, military museum Dresden.JPG
  • 141 - KGB gear.JPG
  • 142 - KZ jacket.JPG
  • 143 - ex-USSR.JPG
  • 144 - Indonesia fruit bats.JPG
  • 145 - Alcatraz.JPG
  • 146 - Chernobyl Museum, Kiev, Ukraine.JPG
  • 147 - Halemaumau lava lake glow, Hawaii.JPG
  • 148 - Rosinenbomber at Tempelhof, Berlin.jpg
  • 149 - Verdun, France.JPG
  • 150 - hospital, Vukovar, Croatia.JPG
  • 151 - the original tomb of Napoleon, St Helena.JPG
  • 152 - Buchenwald, Germany.JPG
  • 153 - Bhopal.JPG
  • 154 - Groß-Rosen, Poland.jpg
  • 155 - at Monino, Russia.jpg
  • 156 - blinking Komodo.jpg
  • 157 - inside Chernobyl NPP.JPG
  • 158 - Mount St Helens, USA.JPG
  • 159 - Maly Trostenec, Minsk, Belarus.jpg
  • 160 - Vucedol skulls, Croatia.JPG
  • 161 - colourful WW1 shells.JPG
  • 162 - Zeljava airbase in Croatia.JPG
  • 163 - rusting wrecks, Chernobyl.JPG
  • 164 - San Bernadine alle Ossa, Milan, Italy.jpg
  • 165 - USS Arizona Memorial, Pearl Harbor, Hawaii.JPG
  • 166 - Brest Fortress, Belarus.JPG
  • 167 - thousands of bats, Dom Rep.JPG
  • 168 - Hohenschönhausen, Berlin.JPG
  • 169 - Perm-36 gulag site.JPG
  • 170 - Jasenovac, Croatia.JPG
  • 171 - Beelitz Heilstätten.JPG
  • 172 - Kremlin, Moscow.jpg
  • 173 - old arms factory, Dubnica.JPG
  • 174 - Pervomaisc ICBM base, more  missiles, including an SS-18 Satan.jpg
  • 175 - Cellular Jail, Port Blair.jpg
  • 177 - control room, Chernobyl NPP.JPG
  • 178 - Podgorica, Montenegro, small arms and light weapons sculpture.jpg
  • 179 - Vught.jpg
  • 180 - Japanese cave East Timor.jpg
  • 181 - Ani.jpg
  • 182 - Indonesia wildfire.jpg
  • 183 - Chacabuco big sky.jpg
  • 184 - Bunker Valentin, Germany.JPG
  • 185 - Lest we Forget, Ypres.JPG
  • 186 - the logo again.jpg

Schöneweide memorial 

  
  - darkometer rating:  4 -

A real rarity: a cluster of surviving original barracks that were once a Nazi forced labour camp in Berlin ... the only surviving authentic ones of their kind in fact. A relatively new documentation centre has been established here, which is still modest in what it offers (especially for foreign visitors), but is likely to be developed further.    

>More background info

>What there is to see

>Location

>Access and costs

>Time required

>Combinations with other dark destinations

>Combinations with non-dark destinations

>Photos

  
More background info: There were thousands of forced labour camps in Berlin alone during the Nazi era and especially WWII – often serving to accommodate inmates from satellite camps of the area's main concentration camps (especially Sachsenhausen). This one was established as camp "GBI 75/76" in 1943 and housed mainly Italian prisoners but also many from Eastern European occupied countries, as well as female concentration camp inmates. These had to work in the nearby industrial complexes, such as assembling batteries at the Pertrix factory (which after WWII continued under the name Batropa, in the GDR, until it was closed in 1999 as a result of chemical contamination).

Little else is known about the camp and it was all but forgotten until the rediscovery of the site's historical significance in 1993. So it is all the more a near miracle that these buildings survived. After WWII, one part of the former camp was taken over by a vaccination institute, while the rest was occupied by small businesses and a day-care centre. The former, the camp's western half, had stood empty for years when its historical role was rediscovered. For a while it even was for sale – despite having been listed as a historic complex in 1995.

Thanks mainly to the initiative of historical associations, the former camp was saved and the western part of it eventually turned into a memorial site under the aegis of the Topography of Terror Foundation from 2005/2006. Work is still continuing on a future permanent exhibition proper, but there are already temporary ones.

It's of rather special interest and a bit of an effort getting there, but it's certainly an interesting addition to Berlin's already rich portfolio of dark tourism sites. And it will only get more relevant, as development of the memorial continues.   


What there is to see: 11 of the original 13 barracks of the labour camp still survive (the only ones left in Berlin!), although most have undergone more or less substantial changes to their interiors.

The eastern half of the former camp is still occupied by small businesses and not accessible to the general public, but the whole western half of six original barracks now forms the "Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre" and is run under the umbrella of the Topography of Terror Foundation. Only a couple of the refurbished barracks are accessible inside, where currently temporary exhibitions are housed – but a permanent one is in the making.

Outside the barracks, text panels provide general information about the place. These are bilingual, in German and (well translated) English. But the current special exhibitions are in German only. If you can't read German there's little point bothering with these – however, you can also arrange for guided tours in advance (four weeks ahead of time at least), which are available in English and French (contact: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.).

At the time of my visit (in January 2010), one of the exhibitions was a very moving, personalized account of several female forced labourers from Ukraine, who had been interviewed about their experiences at the time. And these insights form the framework of the exhibition.

In addition, the wider context was also covered, including the story of (in)famous large companies, such as the Flick industrial empire, who greatly benefited from the Nazis' forced labour system, but were rarely held responsible for their participation in it after the war. The Flick case was one of the most prominent exceptions in West Germany's post-war history. In a high-profile court case in Nuremberg the owner was forced to give up, i.e. sell large parts of his empire, especially in steel production. In the East, industries were nationalized under communism anyway.  Ironically, on the basis of the profit made, Friedrich Flick later regained a position as one of the most influential and richest industrialists in Germany – while he never conceded any guilt for his role in the forced labour system during WWII. Further irony was added by the fact that the Flick empire became involved in one of Germany's greatest ever corruption scandals in the 1980s.

How the memorial site, and in particular the permanent exhibition currently being developed, turns out in the long run remains to be seen.

For the time being, this is a bit on the "exotic" side as a dark tourism destination, which probably presupposes some special interest in its visitors. It is also way out from central Berlin. Thus the effort of getting there may not be worth it for everyone, but should well be considered to be part of a more dedicated dark tourist's itinerary.


Location: Schöneweide is way out in the south-east of Berlin Köpenick-Treptow, roughly seven miles / nearly 12 km from the centre (district Mitte). The entrance to the documentation centre is at No. 5 Britzer Straße between Michael-Brückner-Straße and Schnellerstraße near the Spree river, an old industrial quarter in the former Eastern part of the city.

Google maps locator:[52.4533,13.5181]

Access and costs: a bit awkward to get to, but doable; free.
 
Details: to get to the Schöneweide Nazi Forced Labour Documentation Centre at Britzer Straße from central Berlin it's quickest to get the regional metro train (S-Bahn) line S 9, e.g. from Zoologischer Garten in the west or Hauptbahnhof, Friedrichstraße or Alexanderplatz in Mitte. (When coming from the north-east, you can alternatively take the S 8, and coming from the south-west the S 47 – both also share part of the route of the ring trains.)  Get off at Schöneweide station and either walk (ca. ten minutes) or get the 167 bus to Britzer Straße. That bus line also provides a useful connection north-west towards/from Treptow.

Admission free (currently guided tours are free of charge too!)

Opening times: Tuesday to Sunday 10 a.m. to 6 p.m. (guided tours on request, at least four weeks in advance – email: This email address is being protected from spambots. You need JavaScript enabled to view it.)


Time required: depends on whether you can read German or not – if so, you can spend about an hour here, maybe even longer when studying everything in the fullest detail. Without any knowledge of German, a brief scan of the exhibitions will have to do, and a visit to the outdoors parts won't take more than 15 minutes or so either.


Combinability with other dark destinations: nothing in the immediate vicinity, but about a mile / 1.5 km east, on Bruno-Bürgel-Weg, a derelict factory building still stands (no access – contaminated with arsenic!), which during WWII used to be the Pertrix battery works, where many of the Schöneweide camp's inmates had to work.

More accessible is the Soviet War Memorial in Treptower Park, which can easily be reached by bus (line 167 – from the bus stop Britzer Straße to Sowjetisches Ehrenmahl, ca. 15 minutes).

From Schöneweide station, tram line M17 goes north to Karlshorst, convenient for combining the trip with a visit to the German-Russian Museum.

For more sites further afield see under Berlin in general.


Combinability with non-dark destinations: see under Berlin in general – the area around the Schöneweide memorial site is anything but touristy.
   
 
 
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 1 - entranceSchöneweide forced-labour camp 1 - entrance
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 2 - preserved barrackSchöneweide forced-labour camp 2 - preserved barrack
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 3 - exhibitionSchöneweide forced-labour camp 3 - exhibition
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 4 - light installationSchöneweide forced-labour camp 4 - light installation
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 5 - barrack corridorSchöneweide forced-labour camp 5 - barrack corridor
  • Schöneweide forced-labour camp 6 - preserved original barracksSchöneweide forced-labour camp 6 - preserved original barracks
  • Schöneweide forced-labour campSchöneweide forced-labour camp
    
  
  
  
  
  
  

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