UPDATE: I've just come back from a return trip to Riga, where I also re-visited this museum; I found it had been vastly expanded with several new indoors exhibition parts and a deportation train carriage has been added too in the main open-air part. I'll write an fully updated text soon and also add new images to the gallery below. Please bear with me.
A mostly open-air kind of museum in Riga
that is about the Riga Ghetto specifically but also about the Holocaust
The Riga Ghetto Museum is a fairly recent addition to the city's dark museum portfolio. The first part was opened in September 2010, the Green House (see below) followed in 2011, and the site continues to develop.
Its physical exhibition is augmented by a dedicated website (at rgm.lv) that tells a few selected stories from the Holocaust
(including Janis Lipke's
) in a rather “cartoonified” trimmed-down way, which also appears to be specifically made for viewing on smartphones. So it will be well suited for younger generations who rather get into the topic through such simple, brief dramatizations.
Also integrated into the website is a virtual walk through the area of the former ghetto, featuring recorded commentaries (in heavily accented English) that are allegedly spoken by Holocaust/ghetto survivors. Street View images of today are furthermore contrasted with historic photos. It could bring to life an area where otherwise little to nothing still hints at the history of the place as a ghetto.
On the whole, however, hard factual historical background information does not seem to be the primary focus of the museum, neither in its physical exhibition, nor its web presence. This may make it more digestible to newcomers, and more dramatic and exciting to younger audience, but for those with a bit more of a historiographical grounding in the topic it may appear a bit “thin” and too emotion-focused.
What there is to see:
The central part of the museum is wedged in a courtyard between two old warehouses in the Spīkeri district of east Riga
, and its main feature is a wall of names – of all ca. 70,000 Jewish Holocaust
victims of Latvia
. In addition there are statistical bits informing about deportations to Riga, countless portrait photos and family group photos.
One section of the wall has numerous contemporary photos of the area where the ghetto used to be, matched against a number of maps of the ghetto.
The most captivating part of the exhibition (in my view) consists of a row of text-and-photo panels opposite the main wall, with the panels mounted along a fence that is supposed to be a reconstructed ghetto fence.
The ghetto fence reconstruction comes complete with barbed wire and lamps at the top of poles. The cobbles you walk on are said to be original ones from the former ghetto too (though whether this is really true is hard to ascertain, of course). There's also a reconstructed ghetto gate at the back. It does all look quite concentration-camp
Ghetto fences also feature prominently in the many photos on the information panels. Otherwise these show plenty of scenes from the Riga ghetto but also more graphic images from the mass executions by the Einsatzgruppen
and the concentration camps
Amongst the images are familiar ones, such as those horrific ones of the shootings at Skede
. But there are also more rarely seen photos, e.g. of Kaiserwald
shortly after the camp's evacuation by the SS
in autumn 1944.
In addition to the photo collections with explanatory captions there are also a couple of slightly longer topical texts, e.g. about the prehistory, the Holocaust in general, the formation of a resistance movement within the ghetto or about helpers such as Janis Lipke
All texts are in Latvian, Russian and English, with the English translations of decent quality. None of the texts are particularly long or taxing so it is all fairly easy to digest, information-wise, that is. Topic-wise, of course, it remains hard.
There are also little boxes at the far end of the outdoor-part that supply single sheets of orientation texts in a range of languages.
A separate part of the museum is a refurbished house from the ghetto – called the Green House (not to be confused with the one
). Allegedly it is an original structure from the old ghetto that the museum rescued from total dilapidation and moved here. It does look so reconstructed, so new, however, that you have to wonder if anything of the walls, roof or whatever really still is from the original edifice.
Nevertheless, the reconstructed ghetto living quarters upstairs are in their own way impressive. You seem to get a glimpse of ghetto life. However, the rooms are of course empty and lifeless, so you have to use your imagination hard to picture what it must have been like in such quarters with up to 13 people living in each room.
Downstairs were a few models of synagogues destroyed in WWII
, as well as some dolls hanging from the ceiling and paintings/drawings on the wall. This part remained rather obscure and disconnected from the rest of the museum.
Part of the complex is also an information centre (basically the museum's reception kiosk – unstaffed when I was there), a “Creative Studio”, which I found locked, and a brick wing next to it that seemed to be undergoing renovation at the time of my visit. So I could not check these parts out myself.
On the whole I left with a bit of an ambivalent feeling about this place. On the one hand it does manage to convey a certain drama with its reconstructions, and to a degree underpins it with historical photo material and information, but never really to much depth. It also felt a bit disjointed, with its constituent parts not always hanging together properly.
Nevertheless this is certainly a worthwhile addition to Riga
's vast range of museums, partly despite, partly because of it being so different from all other museums here.
UPDATE: apparently the museum's pavilion suffered some storm-related damage, and this may have led to changes in the layout since then, going by some recent photos I've seen. But I would guess the overall approach and character of the museum is likely to be unchanged.
in the refurbished Spīkeri warehouse complex in the Maskavas district of Riga
, just south-east of the Central Market Halls.
Access and costs: easily reachable from the city centre, free/by donation
Details: To get to the Riga Ghetto Museum you can either take a tram or walk. The distance isn't great, less than ¾ of a mile (1 km). However, you have to either negotiate big roads with heavy traffic and/or the bustling Central Market en route (which isn't a bad thing, of course – the market is a fantastic sight in itself!). So if you want to use a tram to get there you have a wide choice of lines (2, 3, 4, 7, 9, 10) that stop just north of the museum on Maskavas iela (the stop Turgeneva iela is even closer to the museum's location).
Note that while the official address of the museum is on Maskavas iela (at No. 14a), the actual entrance to it is on the other side of the Spīkeri complex, i.e. from Krasta iela. But you can walk through the renovated warehouse complex's pedestrianized squares to get there.
Admission: free, but donations more than welcome – they suggest 5 EUR per adult (which by Latvian standards would be rather high, especially for such a small site).
, officially: daily except Saturdays 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.; closed on a few Jewish holidays as well. HOWEVER: when I was in Riga in April 2014 I had one failed attempt at visiting this museum, even though it was neither a Saturday nor a Jewish holiday I found the gate locked when I turned up the first time (and it was within the regular opening times). There was no explanation, no sign, and when I asked at the Jews in Latvia Museum
the next day, they had no clue either. When I went back two days later and was able to go in there were no staff about who I could have asked what had been the matter two days earlier. So it remains a mystery. Maybe take the published opening times with a pinch of salt.
Time required: if you want to read everything, probably between 45 minutes and an hour, but some parts could also be skimmed.
Combinations with other dark destinations:
The location of the museum is actually very close to where the real ghetto would have been back in 1941-43. However, today there are few clues to this (but the museum's website helps recreating/reimagining these – see background
One exception is the very physical remains of the Choral Synagogue on Gogol Street (see under Riga
) just a few blocks from the museum. Although little more than the foundations remain, their size are a reminder of what an imposing building it must have been.
Next to it is a memorial to those heroes who helped Jews survive the Holocaust, with great risks to their own lives, of course. On of these heroes is specifically celebrated at the eponymous Janis Lipke Memorial Museum
And the actual sites of the mass murder of Jews by the Einsatzgruppen
are these days marked by imaginative memorials at Rumbula
(though these remain largely silent in terms of information). The memorial at the former location of the concentration camp
is more basic and humble, though. All these sites, however, are far from the city centre and require a bit of determination to get to.
Not related to the museum's topic but physically the closest other site is the impressive Soviet
-era skyscraper of the Academy of Sciences, just two blocks to the north east from the museum.
For more see under Riga
Combinations with non-dark destinations: The Spīkeri warehouse complex in which the museum is located and which once was a forgotten derelict corner of the city has undergone a wholesale “rejuvenating” overhaul. The buildings have mostly been done up and cleaned. Lots of design and fashion companies have moved in, as well as clubs and restaurants. For me, however, it is the solid brick industrial style of the architecture that is the main draw here.
Not far away you can also still see many wooden buildings for which Riga
is well known.
Just north of Spīkeri is the vast modern complex of the Central Market Halls, a must-see when in Riga. And the most classic mainstream tourist part of Riga
, its Old Town, is also just a short walk away to the west.
- Riga Ghetto Museum 1 - in Spikeri
- Riga Ghetto Museum 2 - a refurbished warehouse district
- Riga Ghetto Museum 3 - KZ-like gate
- Riga Ghetto Museum 4 - exhibition mostly outdoors
- Riga Ghetto Museum 5 - time-frame of the Holocaust in Latvia
- Riga Ghetto Museum 6 - multilingual sheets provided
- Riga Ghetto Museum 7 - green house with small indoor exhibition
- Riga Ghetto Museum 8 - ghetto living room mock-up
- Riga Ghetto Museum 9 - yellow stars