Point Alpha border memorial/museums
- darkometer rating: 5 -
A double museum on the themes of the former border between the GDR
) and the FRG
(West Germany), on the one hand, and the Cold War
military observation of the border, on the other. These are complemented by a stretch of border that has been preserved and/or reconstructed, with various fortifications and a watchtower.
With its double focus on BOTH East and West it's one of the most significant sites in the category
of border museums
>More background info
>What there is to see
>Access and costs
>Combinations with other dark destinations
>Combinations with non-dark destinations
More background info:
Point Alpha was the code name given to the place/region by NATO
– it was to indicate the location's importance during the Cold War
East-West confrontation: it was here, at the point where the GDR
border, i.e. that of the Eastern Bloc
, bulged furthest into the West (dubbed the "Fulda Gap"), where the USA
considered an attack by the Soviet Union
/the Warsaw Pact
most likely to begin. After the collapse of the latter it turned out that the USSR
had in fact had other plans up its sleeve. Still, at this part of the border, the US military and their Warsaw Pact counterparts literally looked each other in the eye. There must have been a rather tense atmosphere here back then …
For the USA this was thus a particularly sensitive place, so they had taken over monitoring and patrolling this part of the border themselves – rather than leaving it to the regular West German border police. At Point Alpha a special observation post, permanently manned by at least 40 US soldiers (which could be upped to 200 in times of crisis), was set up, complete with communications gear and some heavy armoured vehicles.
's border fortifications, on the other hand, were quite average here, even though they too were continuously being improved, just as elsewhere. But there wasn't anything particularly special here on the GDR part compared to other stretches of the border.
In comparison to other such border museums, then, what is actually left of the border installations at Point Alpha may perhaps be less impressive than at other such sites (e.g. Mödlareuth
or especially Hötensleben
). But what sets this memorial complex apart from all others is precisely the fact that it combines the look at the border as a monument of division between the two Germanies within the wider context of the Cold War
– and in particular the specific US perspective: as this particular point was a potential hotspot of the East-West confrontation, i.e. one where the Third World War
could have begun.
What there is to see:
The complex has two focal points: one is the border museum on the former GDR
side, the other the former US
post on the western side with both indoor and open-air exhibitions. In between, along a stretch of the former border there are relics and reconstructions of border fortifications and installations from various periods of its history.
Beginning on the "eastern" side, the first port of call is the GDR border museum – called "Haus auf der Grenze", 'house on the border', it was purpose-built as a museum years after the opening of the border. It has displays of vehicles and other gear of the former border troops on the eastern side, several dummies in "period" uniforms, a reconstructed border guardroom, complete with a then obligatory portrait of Erich Honecker
on the wall, a stretch of border fence with a (replica?) spring gun, and various other artefacts, plus photos and documents. The dummies may look a bit cheesy, but otherwise it's an interesting exhibition.
Outside the museum a segment of the Berlin Wall
is displayed, and a modern spirally monument admonishes "peace".
From the museum car park a border walk leads off in both directions. To the north, it is commodified as a model border reconstruction – in stages. Displayed are early barriers and simple barbed wire fences, then increasingly sophisticated "improvements". This also included "Hundelaufanlagen" or 'dog-run installations': in these, specially trained guard dogs could run up and down a stretch of border between two fences on a leash that was attached to a wire parallel to the fences – so that the dogs could run freely and catch any "Grenzverletzer" ('border violators' – i.e. people trying to flee across the border into the West). Today's display, however, only has a stationary plastic dog dummy on a rather flimsy-looking chain by a poxy dog house – not quite the scary look of what the real thing must have been like.
Further along the path, however, an original border watchtower survives – but its interior is not accessible. Here, a stretch of the latest and strongest metal border fence has also been preserved/reconstructed too – in this form the "Iron Curtain
" was indeed made of iron (or steel). This is the part of the border reconstruction at Point Alpha with the most authentically sinister look …
On the western side of this you can already see the observation tower at the US Point Alpha post. This is more accessible in that you can climb the outside stairs to the top and view the reconstructed observation post inside through windows: again, it comes complete with a (similarly cheesy) dummy display of US soldiers looking intently over towards the east.
Behind the tower and some more (now western) fences, lies the area of the former US post, which now forms the other museum at the site. It consists of several large open-air exhibits, including tanks and helicopters, complemented by a smallish indoor museum. This, in contrast to the border museum on the eastern side, is more concerned with the wider context of the Cold War
and possible scenarios of how it could have turned "hot" – which would most likely have resulted in the total nuclear annihilation of all of Germany
Outside the Point Alpha museum, the course of the former border continues into the woods and over the hills. By the car park there are some preserved relics such as border marker pillars, a barrier and old warning signs.
In addition to these three core parts of the site, you can also walk along the former border for miles on what is now called the "Green Belt" – along the trail various information panels have been erected, and there are also further remains of watchtowers. To do this, you'll need more time – but you won't learn an awful lot more. I'd reckon that for most dark tourists just doing the two museums and the partly reconstructed stretch of border between them will suffice.
More recently a series of additional sculptures was set up along about a one-mile /1.5 km stretch of the former border. These are collectively called "Weg der Hoffnung" or 'path of hope' and were intended to mark the 20th anniversaries of various stages that led to German reunification, from the beginnings of unrest and protests in the GDR
to the official date of reunification on 3 October. The form this commemoration takes, however, is somewhat surprisingly rather heavily religious in style; the monuments themselves are all related to the biblical story of the Stations of the Cross (cf. Jerusalem
) rather than to anything noticeably connected with the theme of the former border or the Cold War
right on what today is merely the border between two of unified Germany
's constituent states ("Bundesländer"), namely Thuringia and Hesse, roughly 20 miles (30 km) north-east of Fulda, between the two villages of Rasdorf and Geisa.
Google maps locator: [50.720,9.929
Access and costs:
somewhat remote, but quite easily reachable by car; not expensive.
Details: To get to Point Alpha you'll need a car. From the A7 motorway take the exit north of Fulda onto the B27 towards Hünfeld. Turn off into Hünfeld and get on the B84 and just beyond Rasdorf take the 3170 towards Geisa. The car park for the GDR border museum will be on your left after about a mile (1.5 km) directly by the road. To get to the US Point Alpha first, look out for the access road leading into the forest. Both places have their own car parks. The walk between the two places along the former border is a bit over half a mile long.
Opening times: daily from 9 a.m. to 6 p.m. in the summer season; from 10 a.m. to 5 p.m. in March and November, only to 4:30 p.m. and closed altogether on Mondays in December, January, February)
for the museum, the central border strip displays and the former US camp at Point Alpha, about two hours should do. Obviously, if you want to walk the longer hiking trails along the former border and its surroundings, then you'll need a lot longer (and will have to stay overnight in the area).
Combinability with other dark destinations:
in general see Germany
– the regional museum in the small town Geisa, just down the road on the "eastern" side of the former border, also has a section about the border and about life on the GDR side of it, including, rather endearingly, a reconstructed typically GDR living room and displays of kitchen appliances.
If you're driving in your own vehicle on a longer dark tour of Germany, then a visit to Point Alpha can be worked in as a stop en route between Nuremberg
or Kassel (with its funeral museum
Thematically, of course, Point Alpha combines best with the other border museum/memorials, such as Schifflersgrund
to the north or Mödlareuth
to the south-east.
Combinability with non-dark destinations:
in general see Germany
– the Rhön area, in which Point Alpha is located, has been given the UNESCO
status of a 'biosphere reserve', so there's lots for nature lovers to discover here. Rasdorf on the western side of the former border is a particularly old village sporting an ancient medieval church and a well-preserved fortified cemetery (a real rarity).
- Point Alpha 01
- Point Alpha 01b - peace monument
- Point Alpha 02 - section of the Wall
- Point Alpha 03 - Selbstschussanlage - spring gun
- Point Alpha 04 - dummy guardroom complete with Honecker portrait
- Point Alpha 05 - the former border strip
- Point Alpha 06 - watchtower
- Point Alpha 07 - protected monument
- Point Alpha 08 - border fence and watchtower
- Point Alpha 09 - watchtower seen through the fence
- Point Alpha 10 - border fortifications
- Point Alpha 11 - US watchtower
- Point Alpha 12 - dummy US border observers
- Point Alpha 13 - the border from the US lookout
- Point Alpha 14 - former US Army camp
- Point Alpha 15 - entrance to US camp
- Point Alpha 16 - US tank AMC
- Point Alpha 17 - US choppers
- Point Alpha 18 - old border warning signs
- Point Alpha 19 - the actual former border
- Point Alpha 20 - GDR border marker
- Point Alpha 21 - map of the site
- Point Alpha 22 - view east towards Geisa